First-time Morning Sickness
What can I do about terrible morning sickness?
"Morning sickness" is a well-known sign of pregnancy.
Usually, a sick feeling in the stomach accompanied by nausea appears beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy. But the symptoms and the timing can vary from one person to the next.
Try to remind yourself that "This discomfort is more than enough proof that there's a baby in my belly!"
And, while maintaining a positive outlook, take it easy on your body, and you will get through it!
When and how does morning sickness appear?
Morning sickness varies a lot among individuals, but knowing what the main symptoms are and when they are likely to occur can help you take measures to deal with them.
Why does morning sickness occur?
As strange as it may seem, the cause of morning sickness has not actually been clearly identified yet. Explanations seen as likely are:
●The hCG hormone secreted from villi in the placenta stimulates the brain's vomiting center
●Changes in hormone balance cause the autonomous nervous system to also become unbalanced
●The mother's body views the incursion of sperm or the fetus as a foreign object and triggers an allergic reaction
These are just a few of many options. In addition to these, emotional factors are also thought to be a cause. Because the cause is not identified, naturally a "silver-bullet" solution guaranteed to cure the symptoms has not yet been discovered.
When does morning sickness start?
In most cases, morning sickness involves symptoms that appear in the first trimester of pregnancy. In early cases, they can start around the time you notice that your menstruation is late. Most cases last from around the 4th week to the 15th week, and the worst part often comes at the 8-9 week mark.
However, the timing also varies among individuals. While for some people it finishes around the 10th week, for others it lasts until the third trimester, whereas others may never experience morning sickness at all.
What are the symptoms of morning sickness?
The main symptom of morning sickness is "vomiting or feeling nauseous." In many cases, symptoms are worst when first waking up in the morning or when the stomach is empty, but this also varies from one person to the next.
Here are some of the main symptoms:
●Vomiting, feeling nauseous
You may feel sick to your stomach and vomit unavoidably, or if your stomach is empty and there's nothing to vomit, the symptoms can be very uncomfortable.
Also, some people have symptoms that make them feel nauseous if they don't keep something in their mouth all the time.
●Increased sensitivity to smells
This appears to happen as a result of the autonomous nervous system becoming unstable. You may perceive smells you had not previously noticed, and some smells you enjoyed before such as rice cooking and the steam from cooked food may suddenly become unpleasant.
●Changing tastes in food
You may suddenly no longer be able to eat foods you previously liked, or on the contrary, you may have intense cravings for things you didn't like before.
Your body may feel sluggish, and you may not be able to stop feeling sleepy no matter how much you sleep.
During the morning sickness period, many people feel headaches and irritability similar to those felt during menstruation.
What measures can I take to deal with morning sickness?
First and foremost, "not overdoing it" is very important during this period.
Even when you're nauseous, you will get hungry, so eat what you want to eat, and think about creating an environment where you can rest when your body feels sluggish!
It's OK if you can't eat a balanced diet!
You may worry that your baby won't grow up healthy if you're unable to eat like you should because of morning sickness. But it's OK. The baby is still very small during the period of morning sickness in the first trimester, so it doesn't need that much nutrition.
Also, it's a mystery of pregnant women that things are set up so that the nutrition the baby needs goes on a preferential basis to the baby! You do need to get vitamins, such as the folic acid (a type of B vitamin) the baby needs, but other than that, just eat the amount that you can of the things you want to eat.
Tips for getting through morning sickness
While morning sickness varies from one person to the next, you should get down the basic points for getting through this period.
●When you can't take food, supplements can be useful
The time when you have morning sickness is a period when you don't need to be too concerned about the amount or balance of nutrition. That said, even if you don't have an appetite, try to eat at least a small amount of food when you can, for the sake of your own physical strength.
However, research reports have increased in recent years saying that a deficiency of folic acid in the first trimester of pregnancy often leads to miscarriage or to malformations in the fetus.
Before, it was considered OK to just eat the fast food and junk food that women commonly crave for during pregnancy, but during this time you need to make a conscious effort to get enough folic acid, as well as the Vitamin B12, B6, and Vitamin C that are required to absorb it. Folic acid is contained in large quantities in strawberries, grapefruit, spinach, and broccoli, among others. When you can't take those because of morning sickness, a good trick is to take multivitamin supplements that contain folic acid.
●Drink plenty of fluids
If you don't drink enough fluids, you may get dehydrated, and your urine may get more concentrated, so try to drink fluids often. One recommendation is ion drinks, which are rich in minerals and help you absorb fluids well.
●Keep foods you can eat right away by your bed
Many women feel nauseous when they first wake up in the morning, and that can make the whole day miserable. If you keep something you can put in your mouth right away such as biscuits or crackers at your bedside, and you nibble on that when you wake up while still lying down, it will make you much more comfortable.
Don't overdo it with work or housework
In this morning sickness period you may have an increased sensitivity to smells. Many women find it difficult to tolerate the smell of cooking or smells on the train to work. In this period, the health of the mama-to-be and the condition of the baby are not yet stable. Not overdoing it is the first rule.
Get through this by seeking the understanding of your family and, when your morning sickness is bad, having someone else cook, or making do with instant food or ready-made deli foods, for example.
Proactively institute a change of pace
Emotional factors are said to also be a big cause of morning sickness, so instituting a change of pace by meeting friends to chat or distracting yourself by doing things you like, for example, might make you considerably more comfortable.
In these cases, see your doctor!
Even if your morning sickness feels terrible, if you are able to eat meals during breaks in the symptoms and there's no big interference with your daily life, it's OK.
However, if you have the serious condition called "hyperemesis gravidarum" that is described below, it may affect both the mama and the baby, so see your doctor.
●You vomit several times a day and become dehydrated
●You can barely eat anything at all for several days straight
●Your weight drops to more than 5kg below your pre-pregnancy weight
●Your physical energy declines and you feel faint
Methods of treatment include replenishing fluids and nutrients intravenously, taking vitamins, particularly with folic acid, or in some cases taking tranquilizers or antiemetic medications.
Depending on the symptoms, you may be treated on an outpatient basis, or in some cases you may be required to stay in the hospital.
Also, if you still have no appetite because of morning sickness even into the second trimester, it may affect the baby, so discuss it with your doctor during your checkup.
update : 19.09.2017
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